Coronavirus: Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment

The rapid spread of the virus that causes COVID-19 has sparked alarm worldwide. The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared this rapidly spreading coronavirus outbreak a pandemic, and many countries are grappling with a rise in confirmed cases. 

FAQs about Coronavirus and COVID-19

What is coronavirus? What is COVID-19?

What are the symptoms of COVID-19?

What causes a coronavirus infection?

How is a coronavirus diagnosed?

Can a coronavirus be prevented or avoided?

When is recommended to wash your hands?

Do Coronavirus has a treatment?

What is coronavirus? What is COVID-19?

A coronavirus is a virus that is found in animals and, rarely, can be transmitted to humans and then spread among people. In addition to COVID-19, other human coronaviruses have included:

  • The MERS virus, or Middle East respiratory syndrome.
  • The SARS virus, or severe acute respiratory syndrome, which first occurred in the Guangdong province in southern China.

What are the symptoms of a coronavirus?

COVID-19 symptoms range from mild to severe. It takes 2-14 days after exposure for symptoms to develop. In the last few days a Johns Hopkins study has shown that the first symptoms started up to 11 days for the 97% of the people.

Symptoms may include:

  • fever
  • cough
  • shortness of breath
  • pain muscle

Those with weakened immune systems may develop more serious symptoms, like pneumonia or bronchitis. You may never develop symptoms after being exposed to COVID-19. So far, most confirmed cases are in adults, but some children have been infected. Even if you don’t develop symptoms you can infect other people. This is the reason why is so important try to avoid contact for the next few weeks.

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What causes a coronavirus infection?

Humans first get a coronavirus from contact with animals. Then, it can spread from human to human. Health officials do not know what animal caused COVID-19.

The COVID-19 virus can be spread through contact with certain bodily fluids, such as droplets in a cough, this is the reason why you coud use a facemask to protect yourself and other, masks suchs as Ffp3 mask. It might also be caused by touching something an infected person has touched and then touching your hand to your mouth, nose, or eyes. You can use Latex gloves to protect yourself.

How is a coronavirus diagnosed?

If you believe you have COVID-19, you should contact your family doctor. Don’t rush to the ER, just make a phone call and explain your symptoms. To diagnose you, your doctor may run tests to rule out other common infections. In some cases, your doctor may suggest you self-isolate to prevent the spread of infection, please respect any indications you’ve been given.

Can a coronavirus be prevented or avoided?

Sure, there are few simple rules to follow:

  • Try to avoid people who are sick 
  • Try to avoid train, bus and underground in busy hours
  • If you’re on train, bus or underground please use disposable gloves, don’t touch your mouth, nose or eyes, use an hand sanitizer until you can wash your hands
  • Avoid meeting in large groups, someone can be sick and don’t show any symptoms
  • Homeworking if you can
  • Stay home if you are showing any symptoms (even if it’s “just” a cold)
  • Stay in self quarantine up to 14 days if you have met someone who has COVID-19 or someone who has visited affected countries or cities or if you have visited those countries 
  • Cover your cough with a tissue or cough into your upper sleeve or elbow
  • Do not cough into your hands and, if you do, just wash them right after
  • Wear a Flu mask when you’re outside of if you have some symptoms
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When is recommended to wash your hands?

Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, especially:

  • after going to the bathroom
  • after visit a public office or a store 
  • after going on train, bus, underground
  • before eating anything (not just lunch or dinner)
  • when you first arrive at home/office
  • after blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing

If soap and water are not readily available, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol. 

Coronavirus treatment

There is currently no vaccine or treatment for COVID-19. Symptoms of a coronavirus usually go away on their own. If symptoms feel worse than a common cold or you have trouble breathing normally, contact immediately your doctor. Keep your doctor updated if something start to get worse. He or she may prescribe pain or fever medication.

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